KUTHENI UKHETHA UMNXA WOKUSEKA OKUSEBENZA KAKHULU?

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Ngokophando lwe-Instititut für Druckmaschinen und Druckverfahren (IDD) yeYunivesithi yaseDamstadt eJamani, iziphumo zebhubhoratri zibonisa ukuba umgca wokusika ngesandla ufuna abantu ababini ukuba bagqibe yonke inkqubo yokusika, kwaye malunga ne-80% yexesha elichithwayo. ukuthutha iphepha ukusuka kwiphalethi ukuya kwisiphakamisi.Emva koko, ngenxa yokuphatha ngesandla kwiibhetshi, iphepha likwimeko enqabileyo, ngoko ke inkqubo eyongezelelweyo yokubaleka ngephepha iyafuneka.Le nkqubo idinga ixesha elithile lokuhlela iphepha.Ngaphezu koko, ixesha lokubaleka kwephepha lichatshazelwa zizinto ezahlukeneyo ezifana nobume bephepha, ubunzima bephepha, kunye nohlobo lwephepha.Ngaphezu koko, ukufaneleka komzimba wabaqhubi kuvavanywa kakhulu.Ngomhla womsebenzi weeyure ze-8, i-80% yexesha lisetyenziselwa ukuphatha umsebenzi, kunye neeyure ze-6 zosuku ngumsebenzi onzima wezandla.Ukuba ifomathi yephepha inkulu, ukuqina kwabasebenzi kuya kuba phezulu ngakumbi.

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Kubalwa ngokwesantya sokushicilela i-offset kwisantya se-12,000 sheets ngeyure (qaphela ukuba i-offset presses yezityalo zokushicilela zasekhaya zisebenza ngokusisiseko 7X24), isantya sokusebenza somgca wokusika ngesandla malunga ne-10000-15000 sheets / iyure.Ngamanye amazwi, abasebenzi ababini abanezakhono ngokwentelekiso kufuneka basebenze bengayeki ukuze bahambisane nesantya sokushicilela somatshini weoffset.Ke ngoko, izityalo zasekhaya zoshicilelo ngokuqhelekileyo zamkela abasebenzi abaninzi, ukuqina okuphezulu, kunye nokusebenza kwexesha elide labasiki bephepha ukuhlangabezana neemfuno zomsebenzi wokushicilela.Oku kuya kuvelisa iindleko ezininzi zabasebenzi kunye nomonakalo onokwenzeka wabasebenzi kumqhubi.

Ukwazi le ngxaki, iqela loyilo lweGuowang laqala ukuququzelela imikhosi yobugcisa kwi-2013 kwaye ibeka injongo malunga nendlela yokunqoba i-80% yexesha lokuphatha.Ngenxa yokuba isantya somsiki wephepha siphantse saqiniswa, kwanesona sisiki samaphepha siphezulu kwimarike ngamaxesha angama-45 ngomzuzu.Kodwa indlela yokushiya i-80% yexesha lokuphatha ininzi yokwenza.Inkampani ibeka lo mgca wokusika wexesha elizayo ube ngamacandelo amathathu:

1st : indlela yokukhupha iphepha ngokucocekileyo kwimfumba yephepha

2nd: Thumela iphepha elisusiweyo kumsiki wephepha

Owesithathu: Beka iphepha elisikiweyo kakuhle kwipalethi.

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Inzuzo yalo mgca wemveliso kukuba i-80% yexesha lokuthutha i-cutter yephepha liphantse lihambe, endaweni yoko, umqhubi ugxininisa ukusika.Inkqubo yokusika iphepha ilula kwaye iyasebenza, isantya siye sanda ngokumangalisayo ngamaxesha angama-4-6, kwaye amandla okuvelisa afikelele kumaphepha angama-60,000 ngeyure.Ngokutsho komatshini wokushicilela weoffset ngesantya esingama-12 000 amaphepha ngeyure, umgca omnye kumntu ngamnye unokwanelisa umsebenzi wokushicilela aba-4 beoffset.

Xa kuthelekiswa nomthamo wabantu ababini odlulileyo wemveliso wamaphepha angama-10,000 ngeyure, lo mgca wemveliso ugqibe umtsi kwimveliso kunye ne-automation!

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Iinkcukacha zenkqubo yokusika:

Umgca wokusika we-othomathikhi wokutya ngasemva uhlukaniswe ngamacandelo amathathu: i-automatic intelligent picker, i-high-speed programmable paper cutter, kunye ne-automatic paper unloading machine.Yonke imisebenzi inokugqitywa ngumntu omnye kwisikrini sokuchukumisa sephepha lokusika.

Okokuqala, kunye ne-paper cutter njengeziko, ngokuhambelana nokuhlelwa kwendawo yokusebenzela, umlayishi wephepha kunye nephepha lokukhuphela lingasasazwa ngasekhohlo nasekunene ngexesha elinye okanye ngokwahlukileyo.Umqhubi ufuna kuphela ukutyhala isitaki sokusika iphepha kwicala lomthwalo wephepha ngetroli ye-hydraulic, kwaye emva koko ubuyele kumatshini wokusika iphepha, cinezela iqhosha lomthwalo wephepha, kwaye umkhethi wephepha uya kuqala ukusebenza.Okokuqala, sebenzisa intloko yoxinzelelo lwe-pneumatic ukucinezela iphepha ukusuka phezulu kwi-stack yephepha ukuze ugweme i-stack yephepha ekutshintsheni ngexesha lenkqubo yokukhetha iphepha.Emva koko iqonga elixhotyiswe ngerola yerabha ejikelezayo kwelinye icala ligcina ibhanti elithe tyaba kwi-engile ethambekele kancinane kwaye liyancipha ngaphambi kokuba lifudukele kwikona yemfumba yephepha, lize lihle liye kumphakamo wephepha obekwe yikhompyutha.Iliso le-photoelectric linokulawula ngokuchanekileyo ubude.Uze uye phambili kancinci de uchukumise isitaki sephepha.I-roller yerabha ejikelezayo inokwahlula isitaki sephepha ukuya phezulu ngaphandle komonakalo, kwaye emva koko ifake iqonga lilonke leqonga kwisipaki sephepha malunga ne-1/4 ngesantya esijikelezayo sendalo, emva koko i-pneumatic clamp iya kuthi ibambe isitaki sephepha esifuna ukuba ikhutshiwe.Khulula intloko yoxinzelelo ecinezele isitaki sonke sephepha ngaphambili.Iqonga liqengqeleka kwimfumba yephepha yonke kwakhona ngesantya sendalo.Emva koko iqonga lihamba kancinane lisiya ngasemva kwisisiki sephepha lide libe lingqiyame ngokupheleleyo kwicala letafile yokusebenza emva komsiki wephepha.Ngeli xesha, umsiki wephepha uvala umcholi wephepha kwaye i-baffle yangasemva iyawa ngokuzenzekelayo, kwaye umcholi wephepha utyhala isipaki sephepha eqongeni.Ngena ngasemva kwephepha lokusika, i-baffle iphakama, kwaye emva koko i-paper cutter pusher ityhala iphepha ngaphambili ngokweprogram emiselweyo, ekulungele ukuba umqhubi athathe.Emva koko i-paper cutter iqala ukusebenza.Umsebenzi ujikeleza ngokufanelekileyo iphepha kathathu kwi-worktable-cushion worktable, usika onke amacala amane emfumba yephepha ngokucocekileyo, kwaye alityhalele kwiqonga elilungisiweyo lokukhulula iphepha.Usothuli wephepha uya kuhambisa ngokuzenzekelayo imfumba yephepha.Khulula kwiphalethi.Inkqubo yokusika enye igqityiwe.Xa i-paper cutter isebenza, i-paper picker isebenza ngexesha elifanayo.Emva kokukhupha iphepha eliza kunqunyulwa, linda ukuba iphepha lisikwe uze ulityhale kwi-paper cutter kwakhona.Umsebenzi wokubuyisela.

Ukuba ucinga ukuba ingcaciso yinde kakhulu, jonga le vidiyo:

>I-GW-P IPHEPHA LOKUSIKA

>I-GW-S IPHEPHA LOKUSIKA

>Izixhobo zeperiphery zomgca wokusika iphepha


Ixesha lokuposa: Sep-02-2021